James Joseph "Whitey" Bulger, Jr. (born September 3, - October 30, ) was a former Irish mob boss from South Boston, Massachusetts, United States. James Bulger. James Bulger. Artikel zu: James Bulger. Black Mass: Johnny Depp in Hochform – als Gangster James „Whitey“ Bulger dominiert der Superstar den düsteren Thriller „Black Mass“ von Erfolgsregisseur.
James J. BulgerJames Patrick Bulger (* März in Liverpool; † Februar in Walton) war ein Kleinkind, das von zwei zehnjährigen Jungen in Bootle, England. James "Whitey" Bulger ist der Hauptantagonist aus dem erschienenen Film Black Mass. Er. james j bulger theresa stanley.
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The Bulger case has prompted widespread debate on the issue of how to handle young offenders when they are sentenced or released from custody.
One of the boys later revealed that they were planning to find a child to abduct, lead him to the busy road alongside the shopping centre, and push him into the path of oncoming traffic.
Whilst inside the A. Tym's butcher's shop on the lower floor of the centre at around , Denise, who had been temporarily distracted, realised that her son had disappeared.
The boys joked about pushing Bulger into the canal. One of the boys threw blue Humbrol modelling paint, which they had shoplifted earlier, into Bulger's left eye.
Batteries were placed in Bulger's mouth and,  according to police, some batteries may have been inserted into his anus , although none were found there.
Alan Williams, the case's pathologist , stated that Bulger suffered so many injuries—42 in total—that none could be isolated as the fatal blow. After they left the scene, his body was cut in half by a train.
Police suspected that there was a sexual element to the crime, since Bulger's shoes, socks, trousers and underpants had been removed.
The pathologist's report, which was read out in court, found that Bulger's foreskin had been forcibly pulled back. The police quickly found low-resolution video images of Bulger's abduction from the New Strand Shopping Centre by two unidentified boys.
She contacted police and the boys were arrested. The fact that the suspects were so young came as a shock to investigating officers, headed by Detective Superintendent Albert Kirby, of Merseyside Police.
Early press reports and police statements had referred to Bulger being seen with "two youths" suggesting that the killers were teenagers , the ages of the boys being difficult to ascertain from the images captured by CCTV.
Both had blood on their shoes; the blood on Thompson's shoe was matched to Bulger's through DNA tests. A pattern of bruising on Bulger's right cheek matched the features of the upper part of a shoe worn by Thompson; a paint mark in the toecap of one of Venables's shoes indicated he must have used "some force" when he kicked Bulger.
The boys were each charged with the murder of James Bulger on 20 February ,  and appeared at South Sefton Youth Court on 22 February , where they were remanded in custody to await trial.
Up to five hundred protesters gathered at South Sefton Magistrates' Court during the boys' initial court appearances. The parents of the accused were moved to different parts of the country and assumed new identities following death threats from vigilantes.
Thompson and Venables had attempted to lead away another two-year-old boy, but had been prevented by the boy's mother. Each boy sat in view of the court on raised chairs so they could see out of the dock designed for adults accompanied by two social workers.
Although they were separated from their parents, they were within touching distance when their families attended the trial.
News stories reported the demeanour of the defendants. Thompson and Venables were considered by the court to be capable of "mischievous discretion", meaning an ability to act with criminal intent as they were mature enough to understand that they were doing something seriously wrong.
Vizard replied, "If the issue is on the balance of probabilities, I think I can answer with certainty. Thompson and Venables did not speak during the trial, and the case against them was based to a large extent on the more than 20 hours of tape-recorded police interviews with the boys, which were played back in court.
Venables later described how Bulger seemed to like him, holding his hand and allowing him to pick him up on the meandering journey to the scene of his murder.
The pathologist spent 33 minutes outlining the injuries sustained by Bulger; many of those to his legs had been inflicted after he was stripped from the waist down.
Brain damage was extensive and included a haemorrhage. The boys, by then aged 11, were found guilty of Bulger's murder at the Preston court on 24 November , becoming the youngest convicted murderers of the 20th century.
In my judgment, your conduct was both cunning and very wicked. There was a need for an informed public debate on crimes committed by young children.
Shortly after the trial, and after the judge had recommended a minimum sentence of eight years, Lord Taylor of Gosforth , the Lord Chief Justice , recommended that the two boys should serve a minimum of ten years,  which would have made them eligible for release in February at the age of The editors of the Sun newspaper handed a petition bearing nearly , signatures to Home Secretary Michael Howard , in a bid to increase the time spent by both boys in custody.
Lord Donaldson criticised Howard's intervention, describing the increased tariff as "institutionalised vengeance Tony Blair , then Shadow Home Secretary , gave a speech in Wellingborough during which he said: "We hear of crimes so horrific they provoke anger and disbelief in equal proportions These are the ugly manifestations of a society that is becoming unworthy of that name.
Justice Morland stated that exposure to violent videos might have encouraged the actions of Thompson and Venables, but this was disputed by David Maclean , the Minister of State at the Home Office at the time, who pointed out that police had found no evidence linking the case with " video nasties ".
Some British tabloid newspapers claimed that the attack on Bulger was inspired by the film Child's Play 3 , and campaigned for the rules on "video nasties" to be tightened.
A Merseyside detective said, "We went through something like titles rented by the Venables family. There were some you or I wouldn't want to see, but nothing—no scene, or plot, or dialogue—where you could put your finger on the freeze button and say that influenced a boy to go out and commit murder.
Helens on Merseyside. These locations were not publicly known until after the boys' release. The records were stored at the units and copied to officials in Whitehall.
The boys were taught to conceal their real names and the crime they had committed which resulted in their being in the units.
Venables' parents regularly visited their son at Red Bank, just as Thompson's mother did, every three days, at Barton Moss. In , lawyers for Thompson and Venables appealed to the European Court of Human Rights that the boys' trial had not been impartial, since they were too young to follow proceedings and understand an adult court.
The European Court dismissed their claim that the trial was inhuman and degrading treatment , but upheld their claim they were denied a fair hearing by the nature of the court proceedings.
In September , Bulger's parents appealed to the European Court of Human Rights, but failed to persuade the court that a victim of a crime has the right to be involved in determining the sentence of the perpetrator.
In October , he recommended the tariff be reduced from ten to eight years,  adding that young offender institutions were a "corrosive atmosphere" for the juveniles.
In June , after a six-month review, the parole board ruled the boys were no longer a threat to public safety and could be released as their minimum tariff had expired in February of that year.
The Home Secretary David Blunkett approved the decision, and they were released a few weeks later on lifelong licence after serving eight years.
Blunkett added his own conditions to their licence and insisted on being sent daily updates on the men's actions.
The terms of their release included the following: they were not allowed to contact each other or Bulger's family; they were prohibited from visiting the Merseyside region;  curfews may be imposed on them and they must report to probation officers.
If they breached the rules or were deemed a risk to the public, they could be returned to prison. The worldwide injunction was kept in force following their release on parole, so their new identities and locations could not be published.
In the months after the trial, and following the birth of their second son, the marriage of Bulger's parents, Ralph and Denise, broke down; they divorced in The Observer revealed that both Venables and Thompson had passed A-levels during their sentences.
The paper also told how the Bulger family's lawyers had consulted psychiatric experts in order to present the parole panel with a report which suggested that Thompson is an undiagnosed psychopath , citing his lack of remorse during his trial and arrest.
The report was ultimately dismissed. However, his lack of remorse at the time, in stark contrast to Venables, led to considerable scrutiny from the parole panel.
Upon release, both Thompson and Venables had lost all trace of their Liverpool accents. The chances of his successful rehabilitation were described as "very high".
The Manchester Evening News published details that suggested the names of the secure institutions in which the pair were housed, in breach of the injunction against publicity which had been renewed early in No significant publication or vigilante action against Thompson or Venables has occurred.
Despite this, Bulger's mother, Denise, told how in she received a tip-off from an anonymous source that helped her locate Thompson. Upon seeing him, she was "paralysed with hatred" and was unable to confront him.
In March , a call was made by England's Children's commissioner Maggie Atkinson to raise the age of criminal responsibility from ten to twelve.
She said that the killers of James Bulger should have undergone "programmes" to help turn their lives around, rather than being prosecuted.
The Ministry of Justice rejected the call, saying that children over the age of ten knew the difference "between bad behaviour and serious wrongdoing".
In April , a year-old man from the Isle of Man was given a three-month suspended prison sentence for falsely claiming in a Facebook message that one of his former colleagues was Robert Thompson.
In passing sentence, Deputy High Bailiff Alastair Montgomerie said that the teenager had "put that person at significant risk of serious harm" and in a "perilous position" by making the allegation.
On 25 February , the Attorney General's Office announced that it was instituting contempt of court proceedings against several people who had allegedly published photographs online showing Thompson or Venables as adults.
A spokesman commented "There are many different images circulating online claiming to be of Venables or Thompson; potentially innocent individuals may be wrongly identified as being one of the two men and placed in danger.
The order, and its enforcement, is therefore intended to protect not only Venables and Thompson but also those members of the public who have been incorrectly identified as being one of the two men.
On 26 April , two men received suspended jail sentences of nine months after admitting to contempt of court, by publishing photographs which they claimed to be of Venables and Thompson on Facebook and Twitter.
The posts were seen by 24, people. According to BBC legal correspondent Clive Coleman, the purpose of the prosecution was to ensure that the public was aware that Internet users were also subject to the law of contempt.
On 27 November , a man from Liverpool received a fourteen-month suspended prison sentence for posting images on Twitter claiming to show Venables. If there was some investigation going on and his supervisor said, 'Let me take a look at that,' what was Connolly going to do?
He had to give it up. And he obviously had. By , Morris was "thoroughly compromised", having had Bulger buy plane tickets for his then-girlfriend Debbie Noseworthy to visit him in Georgia while he was being trained for drug investigations.
Even after , when Morris was transferred to head up the Boston FBI's anti-drug task force, he remained an accomplice to Connolly and Bulger.
During the discovery phase, Salemme and DeLuca were listening to a tape from a roving bug, which is normally authorized when the FBI has no advance knowledge of where criminal activity will take place.
They overheard two of the agents who were listening in on the bug mention that they should have told one of their informants to give "a list of questions" to the other wiseguys.
When their lawyer, Tony Cardinale, learned about this, he realized that the FBI had lied about the basis for the bug in order to protect an informant.
Suspecting that this was not the first time this had happened, Cardinale sought to force prosecutors to reveal the identities of any informants used in connection with the case.
Wolf granted Cardinale's motion on May 22, On June 3, Paul E. Coffey stated that since Bulger was accused of "leading a criminal enterprise" while working as an informant and was also now a fugitive , he had "forfeited any reasonable expectation" that his identity would be protected.
On September 5, , federal judge Reginald C. Lindsay stated the FBI failed to properly supervise Connolly convicted and jailed in and "stuck its head in the sand" regarding numerous allegations that Bulger and Flemmi were involved in drug trafficking , murder and other crimes for decades.
In February , federal prosecutors indicted numerous members of the Winter Hill Gang, including boss Howie Winter, for fixing horse races. Bulger and Flemmi were originally going to be part of this indictment, but Connolly and Morris were able to persuade prosecutor Jeremiah T.
O'Sullivan to drop the charges against them at the last minute. Bulger and Flemmi were instead named as unindicted co-conspirators. Bulger and Flemmi then took over the remnants of the Winter Hill Gang and used their status as informants to eliminate competition.
The information they supplied to the FBI in subsequent years was responsible for the imprisonment of several of Bulger's associates whom Bulger viewed as threats; however, the main victim of their relationship with the federal government was the Patriarca family, which was based in Boston's North End and in Federal Hill , Providence , Rhode Island.
Bulger and Flemmi stepped into the ensuing vacuum to take control of organized crime in the Boston area. Weeks, a bouncer at the bar, said, "He wasn't a big guy, maybe five seven and pounds.
Of Arab descent, he had a mustache like Saddam Hussein. That night, as always, he was talking in his obnoxious loud voice. Even when there were people in the bar, you always knew Louie was there.
Litif had been stealing money from his partners in the bookmaking operation and using the money to traffic cocaine , and had not only refused to pay Bulger a cut of his drug profits but committed two murders without Bulger's permission.
Bulger refused to sanction this, but Litif vowed to proceed. Bulger replied, "You've stepped over the line. You're no longer just a bookmaker.
Bulger coldly responded, "We're not friends anymore, Louie. At the time, Weeks was about to get married and, shortly before the wedding, informed Bulger that he was having difficulty finding a seat for Litif at the reception.
And now he wanted to kill a friend of Jimmy. There was no way that would be allowed. Shortly after that, a week or so before my wedding, Louie was found stuffed into a garbage bag in the trunk of his car, which had been dumped in the South End.
He had been stabbed with an ice pick and shot. Strangley enough, Jimmy, told me, 'Louie's last words to me were a lie. It was hard to figure out why Louie lied to Jimmy that night.
If he'd told Jimmy that someone had driven him, he might have gotten a pass. But it wouldn't have lasted long, since Jimmy had no intention of letting Louie run wild.
Connolly kept Bulger and Flemmi closely briefed on what Halloran was saying, specifically his knowledge of their participation, along with their youngest associate James "Gentleman Jim" Mulvey, in the murder of businessman Roger Wheeler.
After arriving at the scene, Weeks staked out the Anthony's Pier 4 restaurant, where Halloran was dining. Michael Donahue, a friend of Halloran's from Dorchester , incidentally ran into him at the restaurant.
In a decision that would prove costly to him, Donahue offered Halloran a ride home. As Donahue and Halloran drove out of the parking lot, Weeks signaled Bulger by stating, "The balloon is in the air" over a walkie-talkie.
Bulger drove up with another man armed with a silenced MAC ; Bulger himself carried a. Bulger and the other gunman, both disguised, opened fire and sprayed Halloran and Donahue's car with bullets.
Donahue was shot in the head and killed instantly. Halloran lived long enough to identify his attacker as James Flynn, a Winter Hill associate, who was later tried and acquitted.
Flynn remained the prime suspect until , when Weeks agreed to cooperate with investigators and identified Bulger as one of the shooters.
Flemmi has identified the second shooter as Mulvey, who has denied the allegation and has yet to be charged. Donahue was survived by his wife and three sons.
His family, and Halloran's, eventually filed a civil lawsuit against the U. Both families were awarded several million dollars in damages.
However, the verdict was overturned on appeal due to the late filing of the claims. Throughout the s, Bulger, Flemmi, and Weeks operated rackets throughout eastern Massachusetts including loansharking, bookmaking, truck hijacking, arms trafficking , and extortion.
State and federal agencies were repeatedly stymied in their attempts to build cases against Bulger and his inner circle.
This was caused by several factors. Among them was the trio's fear of wiretaps and policy of never discussing their business over the telephone or in vehicles.
Richard J. Schneiderhan , the crew's only source inside that agency, was valued more highly. During the mids, Bulger began to summon drug dealers from in and around Boston to his headquarters.
Flanked by Weeks and Flemmi, Bulger would inform each dealer that he had been offered a substantial sum in return for that dealer's assassination.
He would then demand a large cash payment as the price of not killing them. Eventually, however, the massive profits of drugs proved irresistible. Most of South Boston's cocaine and marijuana trafficking was under the control of a crew led by mobster John Shea.
According to Weeks, Bulger briefly considered killing Shea, but eventually decided to extort a weekly cut of his profits. Weeks also said that Bulger enforced strict rules over the dealers who operated on his territory,  : strictly forbidding the use of PCP and selling drugs to children,  : adding that those dealers who refused to play by his rules were violently driven out of his turf.
He quietly served a long prison sentence and refused to admit to having paid protection money to Bulger, Flemmi and Weeks. He repeatedly got in fights with other inmates who accused Bulger of being "a rat.
It would not be until the cooperation of Weeks that Bulger, by then a fugitive, was conclusively linked to the drug trade by investigators.
According to an interview conducted with Globe reporters Kevin Cullen and Shelley Murphy, Weeks "estimated that Whitey made about thirty million dollars From the start of his involvement with the FBI, Bulger "insisted Bulger also personally donated some of his own weapons.
Before the use of Valhalla , he oversaw a shipment of guns and C-4 in a van at least once. Bulger was annoyed when he learned that the IRA members he supplied had burned the van that contained the weapons.
The final cache included "91 rifles, 8 submachine guns, 13 shotguns, 51 handguns, 11 bullet-proof vests, 70, rounds of ammunition, plus an array of hand grenades and rocket heads.
When Valhalla crew member John McIntyre was arrested "for trying to visit his estranged wife", he confessed his role in the weapons smuggling to the Boston Police.
According to Weeks, when Bulger met with McIntyre in a South Boston house, he hoped to avoid murdering the informant and offered to send him to South America with money and the understanding that he was never to contact his family or friends again.
After interrogating McIntyre over several hours, however, Bulger decided that he did not have the discipline to cut ties with everyone.
He then killed McIntyre and went upstairs to take a nap while Weeks and Flemmi removed the corpse's teeth with a pair of pliers and buried it in the basement.
In the summer of , Bulger and Weeks, along with associates Patrick and Michael Linskey, came into possession of a winning Massachusetts Lottery ticket which had been bought at a store he owned.
Bulger was widely thought to have obtained his share of the jackpot illegitimately. The FBI, by this time considered compromised, was not informed.
After a number of bookmakers agreed to testify to having paid protection money to Bulger, a federal case was built against him under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act RICO.
In and , before the pinches came down, Jimmy and Stevie were traveling on the French and Italian Riviera. The two of them traveled all over Europe, sometimes separating for a while.
Sometimes they took girls, sometimes just the two of them went. They would rent cars and travel all through Europe. It was more preparation than anything, getting ready for another life.
They didn't ask me to go, not that I would have wanted to. Jimmy had prepared for the run for years. He had established a whole other person, Thomas Baxter, with a complete ID and credit cards in that name.
He had even joined associations in Baxter's name, building an entire portfolio for the guy. He had always said you had to be ready to take off on short notice.
And he was. Bulger had also set up safe deposit boxes containing cash, jewelry and passports in locations across North America and Europe, including Florida , Oklahoma , Montreal , Dublin , London , Birmingham and Venice.
In December , he was informed by Connolly that sealed indictments had come from the Department of Justice and that the FBI was set to make arrests during the Christmas season.
In response, Bulger fled Boston on December 23, , accompanied by his common-law wife Theresa Stanley. On January 5, , Bulger prepared to return to Boston, believing that it had been a false alarm.
Boston police detective Michael Flemmi, Stephen's brother, informed Weeks of the arrest. Weeks immediately passed the information on to Bulger, who altered his plans.
Bulger and Stanley spent the next three weeks traveling to New York City , Los Angeles and San Francisco before Stanley decided that she wanted to return to her children.
They traveled to Clearwater, Florida , where Bulger retrieved his "Tom Baxter" identification from a safety deposit box. He then drove to Boston and dropped off Stanley in a parking lot.
Bulger and Greig then went on the run together. In his memoirs, Weeks describes a clandestine meeting with Bulger and Greig in Chicago.
Bulger reminisced fondly about his time hiding out with a family in Louisiana. He told Weeks, who had replaced him as head of the Winter Hill Gang, "If anything comes down, put it on me.
He told Weeks, "Every day out there is another day I beat them. Every good meal is a meal they can't take away from me. In mid-November , Weeks and Bulger met for the last time at the lion statues at the front of the New York Public Library Main Branch and adjourned for dinner at a nearby restaurant.
At the end of our dinner, he seemed more aware of everything around him. His tone was a little more serious, and there wasn't as much joking as usual.
He repeated the phrase he had used before that a rolling stone gathers no moss, which told me that he knew he was going to be on the move again.
I got the feeling that he was resigning himself to the fact that he wasn't coming back. Up until then, I always believed he thought there was a chance he had beat the case.
However, at that point, there was something different going on with him. I didn't fully understand all the aspects of his case.
It would be another six months before it became clearer. Yet at that moment, in that restaurant in New York, I sensed that he had moved to a new place in his mind.
It was over. He'd never return to South Boston. Hänen kuvansa näytettiin America's Most Wanted -ohjelmassa ensimmäistä kertaa vuonna Alun perin häntä avusti pakomatkalla hänen rakastajattarensa Theresa Stanley.
Viimeisin vahvistettu havainto James J. Bulgerista oli Lontoosta vuodelta Heinäkuussa FBI lähetti tutkijoitaan selvittelemään mahdollista johtolankaa Uruguaysta.
FBI oli tutkinut huhtikuussa Taorminassa , Sisilian saarella Italiassa mahdollisesti tehtyä havaintoa Bulgerista ja hänen rakastajattarestaan Catherinesta.
Bulger jäi kiinni Santa Monicassa Los Angelesissa Myös naisystävä Catherine Greig pidätettiin. Bostonilaisgangsteri oli kiinni jäädessään vuotias, ja hän ehti olla pakosalla noin 16 vuotta.
Julkisuudessa on epäilty, että Bulger sai olla pakosalla pitkään, koska liittovaltion poliisi ei etsinyt häntä tarpeeksi tehokkaasti.
Venables, Thompson, and Bulger then walked into two different stores where they interacted with both shopkeepers who, though suspicious of the older boys, let them go.
Then Venables and Thompson came upon two older boys that they knew. Then they arrived at the railway. The boys hesitated, perhaps reconsidering what they were about to do, and did briefly turn away from the embankment.
But then Jon Venables and Robert Thompson turned back toward the privacy of the deserted railway. The brutal torture and murder of James Bulger occurred sometime between and p.
PA Images via Getty Images A policeman stands guard at the entrance of the site where the body of James Bulger was found on a railway embankment in Liverpool.
They then kicked him, pummelled him with bricks and stones, and stuffed batteries into his mouth. Finally, the boys hit Bulger over the head with a pound iron bar, which resulted in 10 skull fractures.
All in all, Bulger sustained 42 injuries to his face, head, and body. He was so badly battered, authorities later concluded, that there was no way to tell which injury represented the fatal blow.
The next day, police searched the canal where the boys had been earlier in the afternoon because an eyewitness had reported seeing Bulger there.
Other searches were conducted elsewhere, all leading to nothing. But when the police eventually saw the CCTV footage from the shopping mall, they could not believe their eyes.
Despite the fuzzy footage, it was two small boys that could be seen leading James Bulger identified from the description of his clothing provided by his mother to the exit.
Once those CCTV images were released to the media, the story went nationwide and the search for Bulger intensified. The stolen tin of blue paint was found nearby.
This caused various children to be identified as potential killers, with some parents even reporting their own kids.
But it was ultimately an anonymous phone call to the police that implicated Jon Venables and Robert Thompson as the James Bulger killers.
Both boys were then arrested as the James Bulger killers. Police were focused on other children who already had violent records, and they remained convinced that the two boys from the fuzzy CCTV footage looked 13 or 14, not But during separate police interviews, Jon Venables and Robert Thompson turned on each other.
Over the course of interviews lasting several days, Venables eventually confessed. Thompson, on the other hand, was not such an easy interview.L’affaire James Bulger est une affaire criminelle britannique qui a défrayé la chronique en , à la suite de l'enlèvement et du meurtre le 12 février d'un enfant de deux ans, James Patrick Bulger (16 mars - 12 février ), par deux autres enfants (de dix ans), Robert Thompson (23 août ) et Jon Venables (13 août ) , dans un centre commercial de Bootle, près Décès: 12 février (à 2 ans), Liverpool, Merseyside, . James Joseph ”Whitey” Bulger, Jr. (3. syyskuuta Boston, Massachusetts, Yhdysvallat – lokakuuta Länsi-Virginia, Yhdysvallat) oli yhdysvaltalainen rikollinen. Hän oli FBI:n kymmenen etsityimmän henkilön listalla elokuuta alkaen. Hänen löytämiseensä johtavista tiedoista luvattiin kahden miljoonan dollarin palkkio. Hänet pidätettiin vuonna James Joseph "Whitey" Bulger Jr. (/ ˈ b ʌ l dʒ ər /; September 3, – October 30, ) was an Irish-American organized crime boss and FBI informant who led the Winter Hill Gang in the Winter Hill neighborhood of Somerville, Massachusetts, a city directly northwest of Boston. On December 23, , Bulger fled the Boston area and went into hiding after his former FBI handler, John Born: September 3, , Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.