Indianerstämme der Zivilisierten sind Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Seminolen. Cherokee Chickasaw Choctaw Creek Seminolen. Cherokee Häuptlinge. Die Muskogee, auch Creek genannt, sind ein Indianervolk Nordamerikas, das ursprünglich aus dem Südosten der USA stammt. In ihrer eigenen Sprache. für „Indianerumsiedlungsgesetz“) gedeckten Vertreibung der Muskogee (Creek) aus ihren angestammten Siedlungsgebieten im Südosten der Vereinigten Staaten.
Der Südosten (Creek, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Seminolen)Indianerstämme der Zivilisierten sind Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Seminolen. Cherokee Chickasaw Choctaw Creek Seminolen. Cherokee Häuptlinge. reek Indianer. reek, Indianer aus der Muskogee-Sprachfamilie, die zu den Indianervölkern des Südostens gehören. Sie selbst nannten sich Muskogee. Die Muskogee, auch Creek genannt, sind ein Indianervolk Nordamerikas, das ursprünglich aus dem Südosten der USA stammt. In ihrer eigenen Sprache.
Creek Indianer Homes of the Creek Indians and common Feature These Area: Video1864 Sand Creek Massacre 13 minutes Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Neben den Göttern Tipps Lotto Spielen Hiliswaeine alles durchdringende, spirituelle Kraft oder Weltseeledie dem Orenda der Irokesen oder dem Manitu der Algonkin sehr ähnlich ist. Andere wurden als "Enchau ulgea" bezeichnet. Die Indianer- stämme. The Creek Indians, also known as the Muscogee, lived in the southeast region of the United States, long before explorers and colonists arrived in the area. In the area that is today Georgia and. The Creek Indian tribe are people of the Southeast Native American cultural groups. The geographic elements of the area where they lived on managed the way of life in their home is called Homes of the Creek Indians and society of these Creek Indian people. Jul 14, - Explore Sweet Vampire's board "Creek Indians", followed by people on Pinterest. See more ideas about creek indian, creek nation, native american heritage pins. A confederacy of a number of cultural groups, the Creeks, now known as the Muscogee (Creek) Nation, played a pivotal role in the early colonial and Revolutionary-era history of North America. In , author and trader James Adair described the Creek Indians as "more powerful than any nation" in the American South. The Creek Indian tribe are people of the Southeast Native American cultural groups. The geographic elements of the area where they lived on managed the way of life in their home is called Homes of the Creek Indians and society of these Creek Indian people. Creek Indians The Creek Indians banded together to protect themselves from other bands of Indians. Before the 18th century rolled around, the Creek Indians occupied quite a bit of the southeast United States, what we know now as Georgia and Alabama. They were part of a union that comprised a few other tribes that also lived in the area. Creek, Muskogean-speaking North American Indians who originally occupied a huge expanse of the flatlands of what are now Georgia and Alabama. The history of early Georgia is largely the history of the Creek Indians. For most of Georgia's colonial period, Creeks outnumbered both European colonists and enslaved Africans and occupied more land than these newcomers. Not until the s did the Creeks become a minority population in Georgia. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. LCCN : sh Facebook Twitter. Die Muskogee, auch Creek genannt, sind ein Indianervolk Nordamerikas, das ursprünglich aus dem Südosten der USA stammt. In ihrer eigenen Sprache. für „Indianerumsiedlungsgesetz“) gedeckten Vertreibung der Muskogee (Creek) aus ihren angestammten Siedlungsgebieten im Südosten der Vereinigten Staaten. Mai im Jahre als Verräter von anderen Creek-Indianern erschossen. Mit dem Indianervertreibungsgesetz des Präsidenten Andrew Jackson im Jahr . reek Indianer. reek, Indianer aus der Muskogee-Sprachfamilie, die zu den Indianervölkern des Südostens gehören. Sie selbst nannten sich Muskogee.
Der Zugang zu den Totenhäusern war nach Abschluss der Bestattungszeremonie verboten. Manchmal entstand daraus ein ganzes Dorf Nekropole.
Die meisten Muskogee zogen ins Indianerterritorium, obwohl sich manche der Vertreibung widersetzten. Eine Reservation gibt es dort nicht mehr.
Zusätzlich leben die Nachfahren der Muskogee in verschiedenen Integrationsgraden über die südöstlichen US-Staaten verteilt. Bei den Creek des östlichen Oklahoma hat sich bis heute die traditionelle Religion erhalten, die im Sommer bei den Grünmaiszeremonien und den sie vorbereitenden Tänzen praktiziert wird.
Während des Winters hingegen gehen sie in die Kirche. Beide Religionen existieren nebeneinander, ohne sich zu beeinflussen.
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The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree Thatched huts were the main structures that sheltered the Creek Indians.
Within each tribal town, the Creek Indians built ceremonial shrines which served kind of as the town center. All of the huts were situated around this town center.
Among these records are:. Creek Agency Oklahoma. Union Agency. Western Superintency. Southern Superintendency. Central Superintendency.
Creek Indians. University of West Florida. Special Collections Department. Creek Nation. Oklahoma Historical Society.
Indian Archives Division. All were expected to contribute to a communal stockpile that would be used to feed visitors and needy families in the town.
Traditionally, Creeks buried the dead under the earthen floor of the home, though by the late s it was more common to bury them in the churchyard or in a family cemetery near the home.
A widower was expected to mourn his dead wife for four months, during which time he would not bathe, wash his clothes, or comb his hair.
The same mourning practices were required of a widow; she, however, was obligated to mourn for four years. The period of mourning for a widow could be decreased by the dead husband's clan if they so chose.
Often, after the mourning period, the widow would marry a brother of her deceased husband. Although marriages could be arranged by clan leaders, they were usually initiated by the prospective husband, who solicited the permission of the woman's family.
During courtship, the man might woo the woman by playing plaintive melodies on a flute made either of hardwood or a reed. Sexual activity before marriage was allowed, and it was not unusual for travelers to hire Creek women as bed companions.
Once a marriage became final, however, adultery was not tolerated. Punishment was harsh, including severe beatings and cutting off the hair, ears, and sometimes noses of both offenders.
A woman committing adultery was rejected by her husband and children, but she could marry her lover. When a couple married, the husband went to live with his wife in the home of her parents.
The marriage was finalized only after the husband had built his wife a home and proven his ability to support her by planting and harvesting a crop and successfully hunting game.
During the trial period of the marriage, the couple could decide to separate, and infidelity would not be punished. With the permission of his wife, a man could take a second wife, for whom he provided a separate home.
Divorce was allowed but rarely occurred in families with children; when it did, the woman retained the children and the family possessions.
The father fasted for four days after the birth of his child, and he maintained an interest in his family. Raising the child, however, was primarily the responsibility of the mother and the leader of her clan.
Babies spent their first year secured to cradle boards; boys were wrapped in cougar skins, while girls were covered with deerskins or bison hides.
A daughter was called by a kinship term or named after some object or natural occurrence associated with her birth. A son was called by the name of his totem, such as bird or snake; as he grew, he might be given a nickname based on some personality trait.
At the age of puberty, a boy was initiated into adulthood in his town and was given an actual name. His first name, which served as a surname, was that of his town or clan, while his second, or personal, name was descriptive of something about him.
Creek girls learned from their mothers and maternal aunts the skills they would need as adults. Boys were instructed primarily by their maternal uncles, though they also felt their father's influence.
Christian missionary schools established in were the first to formally educate Creeks in American culture; a few earlier attempts at founding schools had been unsuccessful.
By the late twentieth century, Creek students generally attended public schools, with a few attending boarding schools. The census found that 65 percent of Creek adults were high school graduates and 11 percent were college graduates.
He was believed to live in an upper realm that had the sky as its floor. The sun, moon, and planets were seen as messengers to this deity.
The Creeks also worshiped animal spirits. The Green Corn Festival was the principal religious celebration. Although many Creek myths have been lost to history, some were documented by Frank G.
Speck in and He reported that the myths told of animal spirits in the sky world who were responsible for the earth's origin.
Master of Breath then placed his own innovations on creation, making the earth as it is now. Speck wrote in Memoirs of the American Anthropological Association: "The Creeks assert that they were made from the red earth of the old Creek nation.
The whites were made from the foam of the sea. That is why they think the Indian is firm, and the white man is restless and fickle.
Each Creek town kept certain sacred objects. The most famous were copper and brass plates held by the town of Tuckabatchee. The five copper plates were oblong, with the largest being about 18 inches by seven inches.
Although one legend indicated that the objects had been given them by the Shawnee, who may have obtained them from the Spanish, the plates were widely believed to have been bestowed on the Creeks by the Master of Breath.
Contact with European cultures brought a succession of missionaries to the Creek people. Gradually, many of the people began to espouse Christianity.
They continued to observe the Green Corn Festival, although those who had become Baptist or Methodist no longer participated in ceremonial dancing.
With this decrease in participation, the festival began to lose its former significance, and it deteriorated into little more than a wild party.
Christianity became dominant among the Creeks after the removal to Oklahoma. Although some missionaries continued to work among them, most Creek churches were led by preachers who emerged from within the community.
As Debo described: "The Creeks had found in Christianity a means of expressing the strong community ties, the moral aspiration, the mystic communion with nature, the deep sense of reverence that had once been expressed by the native ceremonials.
The early Creeks enjoyed a comfortable living based on agriculture and hunting. Their homeland was fertile and game was plentiful. With the emergence of European contacts, the Creek hunting industry changed from a subsistence operation to a commercial enterprise.
Trade expanded, and they began to sell not only venison, hides, and furs, but also honey, beeswax, hickory nut oil, and other produce. They also found markets for manufactured goods including baskets, pottery, and decorated deerskins.
As white settlers continued to move into Creek territory, the Indians were crowded into progressively smaller land areas. This process began in when a cession of two million acres of Creek land was given to the new colony of Georgia so it could be sold to satisfy debts to British traders.
In order to attract additional colonists, the land was sold at bargain prices. An extensive series of other land cessions followed, and eventually the Creek economy collapsed.
According to Indians of the Lower South: Past and Present, in Lieutenant Colonel John Abert wrote to the United States Secretary of War that during the last three years the Creek people had gone "from a general state of comparative plenty to that of unqualified wretchedness and want.
The Removal Treaty of gave land to Creeks who chose to emigrate to Indian Territory in exchange for tribal lands in Alabama. In addition, each warrior would receive a rifle, ammunition, and a blanket; families' expenses would be paid during the migration and throughout the first year in the West.
Some full-blooded Creeks still farm land in the area of Oklahoma that was settled by the Upper Creeks. The durability of a house is much more important for the Creek Indian tribe.
The Creek Indian Tribe personally selects the materials that they will need in order to build their houses. They are already knowledgeable about this so picking the right materials for the job is not that hard for them since these items can also be found nearby their area.